Questions about Abstral addiction? Use this handy guide to help you easily recognize the signs and symptoms.
1. What is Abstral and What is it Used for?
2. Other Names for Abstral
3. How Abstral Abuse Occurs
4. Abstral Rehab – How Do I Know if I Need it?
5. The Risks of Delaying Abstral Rehab
6. Abstral Withdrawal Side Effects and Detox
7. Types of Treatment in Abstral Rehab
8. Abstral Treatment – How to Choose the Best Rehab for You
Abstral rehab is the best way to overcome addiction to this strong, dangerous opioid drug. Known generically as fentanyl, Abstral is a risky drug to misuse because of the high likelihood of becoming addicted and because overdosing is easy to do. An overdose on fentanyl can quickly be fatal.
If you are abusing this drug or know someone else engaged in Abstral abuse, don’t hesitate to reach out for help. Any degree of misuse of fentanyl can quickly escalate or become fatal. And anyone abusing fentanyl can benefit from rehab that includes therapy and medical treatment. Reach out for help or offer your assistance to a loved one struggling with this awful drug.
Abstral is a brand name for the generic opioid fentanyl. Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid, which means it was designed and is made in laboratories and is derived from natural compounds found in the opium poppy. Like other opioids, it works in the brain to change the response to pain and is prescribed as a painkiller.
Unlike other opioids, like oxycodone or hydrocodone, Abstral and other fentanyl products are only approved for treating specific patients. Abstral is supposed to be restricted to cancer patients 18 years old or older who are already using opioids to manage pain. When these patients become tolerant to other opioids or experience breakthrough pain that is not controlled by these other drugs, they may be prescribed fentanyl.
The reason Abstral is so restricted is that it is extremely potent. It is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine, a natural opioid. It is also more potent than heroin, an illicit drug. Abstral is a tablet that is placed under the tongue to dissolve. Its potency can make Abstral very risky for anyone without some opioid tolerance.
Abstral is just one brand name for fentanyl. Others include Actiq, Duragesic, Fentora, Onsolis, and Sublimaze. These are important medications for cancer patients living with severe pain, but Abstral and fentanyl are often sold and used illicitly. Some names for fentanyl and other opioids on the street include:
- Captain Cody
- Doors and Fours
- Pancakes and Syrup
- White Stuff
- Pain Killer
- China Girl
- China White
- Dance Fever
Abstral and other fentanyl products are Schedule II controlled substances. This is because they are highly susceptible to abuse. In addition to relieving pain, opioids like Abstral can induce euphoria, an intense high. Some people abuse Abstral because they want to get high, while others do so because they have become dependent on opioids and don’t feel normal or comfortable without them.
Abstral dependence can occur quickly because it is such a potent drug. Any misuse of fentanyl, from using it without a prescription to using more than prescribed or taking more frequent doses, can easily lead to addiction. Even people who are not misusing this drug, patients with a genuine need for pain relief, can become dependent and addicted.
You don’t have to be addicted to this drug to benefit from or need Abstral rehabilitation. Rehab is treatment for a drug addiction, but any level of misuse may require treatment. If you have lost control to any degree over your use of opioids or are concerned about the health risks, reach out for help and get treatment.
If you aren’t sure if your behaviors or those of someone you care about constitute an addiction, ask these questions:
- Do you crave fentanyl often?
- Have you tried to cut back but found you couldn’t or failed often when trying?
- Do you regularly end up using Abstral more often than you meant to or using larger doses than you had planned?
- Has a lot of your time been taken up with trying to get Abstral, using it, and recovering from using it?
- Have you had to give up other activities because of the time drug use takes up in your life?
- Are you often failing to meet responsibilities because of Abstral?
- Does use of Abstral cause relationship problems, which in turn do nothing to stop you using the drug?
- Do you continue to use drugs even though they are causing health problems? Or making them worse?
- Have you developed a tolerance to Abstral, needing higher doses or more frequent doses to get the desired effect?
- Do you start to go through withdrawal when not using?
These are the criteria that professionals use to diagnose an opioid addiction and are the symptoms of Abstral addiction. Answering yes to even just two of these questions may indicate that you have a substance use disorder. Abstral effects are dangerous enough that even a mild addiction warrants a trip to rehab to get help before it’s too late.
There are a lot of very serious risks of using and misusing this dangerous drug, including the risk of more frequent and severe Abstral side effects. Even recommended use of fentanyl can cause side effects, but the more you misuse it, the greater the risks you will experience them. Side effects may include:
- Drowsiness and sleepiness
- Slowed, shallow breathing
There are also more serious Abstral effects you put yourself at risk for by taking larger amounts and more frequent doses: heartbeat changes, vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss, hallucinations, sexual dysfunction, dizziness, rash, and seizures.
While the side effects can be uncomfortable or even present real health problems, an Abstral overdose is the most serious risk of all. This potent drug can quickly cause a fatal overdose. Signs include slowed breathing, shallow breaths or difficulty breathing, a lowered urge to breathe, unresponsiveness, loss of consciousness, confusion, and fainting. Emergency medical attention is essential in the case of an overdose; the opioid antidote Narcan can be administered to reverse the overdose.
Abstral withdrawal effects are another consequence of abusing and becoming addicted to fentanyl. As the drug leaves your system and your brain tries to adjust, you will be going through detox and withdrawal. Opioid withdrawal causes early, unpleasant symptoms like anxiety, difficulty sleeping, agitation, aches, runny nose, sweating, yawning, and tearing.
As detox continues into the later phases of withdrawal, you may also experience diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, chills, and goosebumps. How long detox takes depends on the severity of your addiction and the last dose of Abstral you took. It can be very easy to relapse during this process, so don’t go it alone. Supervised detox is more comfortable and safer.
Withdrawal from fentanyl is not dangerous in itself. As uncomfortable as it is, it will not cause serious health problems. However, the big risk of trying to detox alone is relapse. And a relapse when you’re feeling this desperate for the drug could easily lead to an overdose. Always detox with some degree of supervision, if not with real medical care.
Abstral addiction requires treatment, and Abstral treatment can be effective if you get the right care. Detox is the first step, but don’t make the mistake of thinking it is enough. In order to have a successful recovery, you need long-term treatment that includes therapy and medical care. Therapies you can expect to benefit from in rehab include:
- Behavioral therapies. These are therapies that focus on recognizing and changing problematic behaviors. A therapist will help you explore the reasons behind some of the choices you make, triggers for drug use, emotional awareness, and making positive and lasting changes.
- Trauma-focused therapies. Traumatic experiences often underlie drug abuse and addiction. A good treatment facility will evaluate your mental health and prescribe the appropriate treatments. If you have trauma in your past, you can benefit from a therapy that helps you face and reprocess those negative experiences.
- Motivational therapies. A type of therapy useful in treating drug addictions focuses on uncovering your internal motivations for making positive changes. It may involve goal-setting, reflection and mindfulness, and rewards for meeting milestones and avoiding relapse.
The other important aspect of treatment for fentanyl addiction in rehab is medical care. Opioid addictions are among the few that can be managed effectively with prescription medications. Medical treatment must be used along with therapy for the best outcomes, though.
The kinds of drugs you may be prescribed to treat Abstral addiction include methadone, buprenorphine, and naloxone. The first two are used to manage cravings and withdrawal. They activate the same receptors as Abstral and keep you from going back to fentanyl. Naloxone blocks those receptors. If you are given a 30-day injection of naloxone, any attempt to use an opioid to get high will fail. You will get no effects from it.
The best Abstral rehab will be long-term, at least a few weeks, and will include both therapy and medical treatment. These are the most basic things you should look for in a rehab. Additionally, consider whether you need inpatient care, with the 24-hour supervision and safe, treatment-intensive environment, or whether you would benefit from being able to stay with family and go to treatment on an outpatient basis.
With a potent drug like Abstral, it may be safest to go to true rehab, a residential facility, for a few months. This gives you the chance to focus on your care and avoid relapse. But ultimately, the choice is a personal one and should be made with your own best interests in mind.
There are other factors to consider in your treatment choice. For instance, you want a treatment facility that will fully evaluate you on intake and treat you as an individual with unique needs. There is no single treatment plan for addiction that works for everyone, so you need a team of professionals with the flexibility to adapt plans for your needs, limitations, and abilities, as well as your preferences.
Abstral addiction help is available. You just need to ask for it. It can be scary to admit you have a problem and to submit to treatment, especially in a residential rehab. But doing so could save your life, or the life of someone you care about. Push for treatment, ask for help, and get the care you need to overcome this addiction.