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Table of Contents

1. The drug
2. Uses of the drug
3. Slang names
4. Definition of addiction
5. Problems with addiction
6. Addiction symptoms
7. Withdrawal symptoms with the drug
8. Drug Rehabs
9. Types of rehabs
10. Payment for rehab loans and insurance
11. Conclusion

The drug

Valium (generic name diazepam) is a powerful drug that is used to treat anxiety, stress, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, as well as seizure episodes. It’s a benzodiazepine derivative. The drug is a colorless or light yellow crystalline compound, which is insoluble in water. 

Uses of the drug

Valium is used for the treatment of anxiety disorders, stress, and tension in everyday life. People suffering from acute alcohol withdrawal often resort to Valium because it helps in providing temporary relief to muscle cramps and tremors that are caused as a part of withdrawal syndrome. It also helps relieve acute agitation in patients, along with assisting them in calming down. It’s also effective in treating acute delirium tremens and hallucinosis, which is caused as a part of withdrawal syndrome. 

Slang names

The drug is commonly known as Valium and is used popularly among people all over the world. Some of the common Valium slang names are:

>> V’s

>> Yellow V’s

>> Blue V’s 

>> Benzo’s 

>> Dead Flower Powers

>> Foofoo 

Definition of addiction

Excessive use of Valium can cause an addiction in users. Valium affects the body through brain cells. It starts acting up by entering the central nervous system through your bloodstream and changes the cells in the brain’s pleasure center. Benzodiazepines weaken a group of cells that prevents the neurotransmitter of the brain, dopamine, from flooding through. Since these cells are inactive, dopamine is released in the brain thereby leading to a feeling of pleasure and intense joy. This also helps relieve the user from stress and anxiety. Soon, the brain gets used to this euphoric feeling and craves for more Valium. The person under addiction seeks more Valium for its pleasure-inducing effects. The more the person consumes Valium, the more the brain wants it; this pushes the user from a controlled user to an addict who can’t do without Valium. Gradually, the user becomes an addict and starts to lose control over themselves, as the drug craving episodes start controlling their actions and emotions.

Problems with addiction

Valium addiction is a significant problem that leads to an extreme craving for the drug. When the drug is denied, it can cause acute withdrawal symptoms, as well as muscle cramps and tremors. In severe cases, rehabilitation is needed for the recovery to be successful. Most people who are addicted to Valium are the ones prescribed to have it for a prolonged period. However, with an accepted gradual increase in the dosage, they become addicted to it and start craving for more. Over time, the users become tolerant to the drug. This means that they will need Valium every time they need to get that feeling of relief, along with the achievement of the desired sedative effects. This leads to increased consumption of the drug, in a larger dosage. Thus, pushing the patients into a more profound addiction. This causes the cycle of addiction, craving, and dependence to continue. 

Addiction symptoms

The initial addiction symptoms of Valium include the difficulty in controlling the use of the drug. The more the addict consumes, the more Valium he requires to get the desired effect of pleasure and sedation. As the addicts become more tolerant, they consume more Valium, thus leading to addiction. Other physical symptoms, while consuming the drug in excess, include heavy heartbeat and dry mouth. The addict will feel nervous and confused, having delusions of well-being, and paranoia along with frequent suicidal thoughts; these signs are relatively common in Valium addicts. With the increase in addiction and consumption, extreme health conditions such as seizures, slipping into a coma, and the risk of fatal overdose can also be categorized as a symptom of Valium addiction.

Withdrawal symptoms with the drug

Withdrawal symptoms from Valium are extreme and can cause various unpleasant physical symptoms, such as tremors, muscle cramps, or fainting; this happens when you’re trying to quit the drug suddenly. Addicts will also witness a significant increase in craving for the drug. The withdrawal symptoms can be categorized into four types:

  • Physical symptoms

This includes various physical pain and illness, such as severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, intense stomach pains, extreme cramps, and tremors. Loss of appetite and dry mouth is also caused as a part of the withdrawal symptoms.

  • Cardiovascular symptoms

This includes changes and fluctuations in the cardiovascular systems such as a sudden increase in blood pressure, variation in heart rate, sudden increase and decrease of pressure, and so on.

  • Neurological symptoms

Neurological symptoms include a confused state of mind, lack of clarity in thoughts and actions, the development of seizures as well as lack of consciousness of mind. Reduced reflexes are also seen among the addicts.

  • Psychological symptoms

People under withdrawal symptoms suffer from intense craving, extreme mood swings, sudden depression, and panic attacks. They may also face rebound anxiety due to the denial of the use of Valium.

A variety of medications are given to addicts to help them fight and overcome withdrawal symptoms. The first step towards treating a Valium addiction or any other drug addiction is detoxification. This is done to ensure that the negative effects and the intake of drugs are completely removed. This helps the patient to become less tolerant of the drug than before and reduces dependency. This process of detoxification is done gradually in order to avoid fatal attacks. 

Gradual reduction of the intake of Valium, along with other medications to reverse the effects of the drug helps the body get accustomed to performing normal body functions without Valium. If the dosage of Valium is stopped abruptly, it can cause adverse effects in the body, and in extreme cases, even death. During this process of detoxification, the addicts usually experience extreme physical conditions such as diarrhea, abdominal pains, irritation, mood swings, nausea, intense cravings, and so on. Extreme withdrawal symptoms such as joint and muscle pains, rapid breathing, fluctuation of heart rates might also be caused. Detoxification helps the addicts gradually get used to the fluctuating dose along with controlling the craving for the drug. Patients are usually given a certain amount of Valium initially. Once the medication reaches a certain level, it’s slowly tapered down and finally discontinued. Once the intake of Valium has stopped completely, the withdrawal symptoms can become worse. The medication list that is included to tackle withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings are as follows:

SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)

This is a class of antidepressant medications. These are often effective to smooth out the instant effects of withdrawal symptoms, though results may vary from person to person.

Melatonin

It’s a hormone that is proven to ease anxiety, irritation, and induce sleep. This helps address tolerance and reduce the extreme effects of intense withdrawal symptoms.

Anticonvulsants

These are used when patients develop a seizure. Anticonvulsants are useful in reducing the overall effects of withdrawal symptoms and helping patients control the craving of Valium.

Drug Rehabs

One of the effective methods of treatment for Valium addiction is rehab centers. Choosing the most suitable rehab for addiction is essential since there are hundreds of centers all over the world. It’s important to select Valium rehabs that have a quicker rate of recovery. Moreover, for individuals suffering from Valium addiction, the approach is vital. Rehabs offering evidence-based medication are the best and most effective in treating substance abuse addicts. Evidence-based medication professionals are specially trained to use the latest technology, medications, and approach to treating patients suffering from prescription drug addiction and overdose. 

Types of rehabs

There are mainly three types of Valium rehabs for treating addicts. They are as follows: 

Inpatient Rehabs

Inpatient rehabs should be the choice for patients suffering from intense addiction of Valium. In these rehabs, the patients need to stay for round-the-clock observation under the supervision of doctors and counselors. In these rehabs, the treatment or rehab program varies between 30 days to 90 days, depending on the condition and needs of the patients. The treatment may go on for a longer time. The duration depends on the seriousness of the addiction and the recovery rate of the addict. The first step is medical detoxification, where the patients are treated with several medicines to detoxify the body from the effects of Valium. During this phase, the patient is monitored for withdrawal symptoms or seizure. Physicians keep the patients under constant monitoring, preventing them from fatal attacks.

Inpatient rehabs often include the patients taking up daily chores of life as they recover gradually. This helps the patients interact with other addicts who are going through a similar phase of life and get motivated by each other. Patients find similar people around and hence, don’t feel out of place or isolated. This environment with similar people helps patients recover and get back to their normal life quickly. These rehabs are luxurious and aesthetically beautiful since the patients residing there should have a feeling of positivity and motivation, in order to restart their lives as a normal person that’s free from addiction.

Outpatient Rehabs

In these types of rehab centers, the patients have to make an appointment, and they can take part in the treatments and go back home, instead of staying back at the rehab. These rehabs are suitable for patients who have mild addiction or have recovered from addiction, and regular treatment is being done to prevent relapse. It’s seen that patients after they have been successfully treated in the Inpatient rehab and sent home, experience an addiction relapse, and they start consuming Valium again. This is done to prevent relapse and continuously monitor the patients even after they are sober. 

Outpatient rehabs have become quite useful and accessible. These rehabs check the patients regularly and ensure that they do not indulge in drug addiction again since relapse is a common problem seen in most drug addicts. Counseling sessions are also a part of the treatment in the outpatient rehabs. This helps patients with self-motivation and keeps them away from drugs. Moreover, meditation sessions are also conducted, thus helping in self-reflection and realization. 

Outpatient rehabs have special significance for the patients who are already treated in residential rehabs and are free from drug addiction. Patients who are cured of Valium addiction also get additional treatment, medication, and counseling to control the craving of drugs and lead a healthy life by forgetting the past.

Residential Rehabs

Often, it has been seen that patients resort to drugs and addictions again after being successfully treated in rehabs, and once they leave the inpatient rehabs. For such addicts, residential rehabs are the perfect option. Here, patients are kept under constant observation, along with counseling and meditation sessions. People staying in these rehabs undergo medication, take part in various activities and learning sessions, along with counseling sessions, which prevent them from indulging into addiction yet again. Residential rehabs offer long-term programs and treatments, especially for people who had been treated more than once, yet were taken to addiction once they went back to their normal course of life.

Residential rehabs focus on motivating the patients along with treatments and activities, such that they can drive and motivate themselves to lead a normal life and refrain from Valium abuse and addiction. Residential rehabs involve the addicts into various individual and team activities, keeping them engaged and thus preventing the use of drugs again. These activities also help the addicts to reskill themselves and learning things that will help them earn a living or be employable once they leave the residential rehabs.

Behavioral therapies play a key role in helping patients recover. The following are some of the therapies that the Valium addict patients must undergo:

  • Individual therapy

The basic yet effective forms of behavioral therapy are individual therapy. In this kind of session, the counselor meets the patients for a one-to-one discussion. In these sessions, the patient can speak his heart out to the counselor; this helps the counselor understand the patient. Here, counselors can give separate time to each patient and motivate them to refrain from further drug addiction or relapse. Confidentiality and privacy are taken care of by the rehab centers and the counselors.

  • Group counseling

Counseling a group of similar people, having the same difficulties in life, helps in empathizing with each other. These sessions help the patients to understand the disastrous effects of drug addiction and the importance of positivity. They also get inspired by each other’s journey towards a normal life. They also take part in various creative and recreational group activities, helping them to reskill themselves and become employable after they leave the rehabs.

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy

This therapy is all about controlling your impulses, instead of your drug craving managing all the activities. This helps individuals regain positivity and get back to the mainstream of life. This kind of therapy guides people to help themselves and become their controller in matters of drug addiction and to refrain from any form of addiction. 

Payment for rehab loans and insurance

Rehab loans, as well as insurance, are available to financially support the addicts such that they can continue their treatment in the center for a long period. Since treatments in rehabs are expensive, and the duration of the programs are long term, the insurance and loans help the patients and their families cope with the cost of treatment.

Conclusion

Valium rehabs have helped thousands of drug addicts to quit drugs forever and get back to a healthy life. Rehabs form an essential part of treatment and recovery for drug addicts. People addicted to drugs for a long term need to undergo the entire process of detoxification, medication, rehabilitation, counseling, and medication to give up on drugs finally. Chances of drug addiction relapse are high since lack of acceptance in society, along with poverty caused due to drug addiction and unemployment in most cases, forces the patients to resort to the drug again. This is where friends and family need to play an active role. Support from close ones, along with motivating them to move on in life helps the addicts get back to the ordinary course of life.

View the original article at thefix.com

Sun, July 14, 2019| The Fix|In Guide

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